Physiotherapy is a health care profession which assists people to restore, maintain and maximize their strength, function, movement, and overall well-being. Physiotherapists have in-depth knowledge of how the body works and specialized hands-on clinical skills to assess, diagnose, and treat symptoms of illness, injury and disability. Physiotherapy includes rehabilitation, as well as prevention of injury, and promotion of health and fitness. Physiotherapists often work in teams with other health professionals to help meet an individual's health care needs.
Physiotherapists treat a wide array of conditions including:
- Spinal pain and injuries
- Dizziness / Vestibular Balance Issues
- Sports injuries
- Musculoskeletal problems
- Pre and Post-surgical rehabilitation
- Pelvic Floor / Incontinence Issues
- Biomechanical problems
- Arthritic conditions
- Neurological disorders and diseases (e.g. MS, Stroke, Parkinson’s)
- Cardiothoracic conditions (e.g. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disorders)
- Paediatric conditions
Intramuscular Stimulation or Functional Dry Needling is a specialized therapeutic treatment technique that uses acupuncture needles to deactivate myofasocial trigger points (MFTP).
IMS is used to treat contracted muscles which have become shortened from distress. These shortened muscles cause pain not only in the affected muscle itself, but also from the resulting stress on surrounding tendons and joints. IMS treatment causes the muscle to “grasp” the needle, which in turn forces the shortened muscle to release, providing relief from pain.
The effects of IMS are cumulative, with each treatment providing a measure of healing until eventually the condition is alleviated and the pain ceases. The number of treatments required depends on several factors including the age of the injury and the condition of the nerves. Each person’s body is unique and responds in a different way to IMS – some people heal faster than others.
Exercise Rehab Physiotherapy is a specialized adjunct to traditional manual therapy. When pain or injury have interrupted your lifestyle it is important to restore any muscular imbalances as soon as possible to allow a timely return to pain-free functioning and encourage long term management skills to prevent future recurrences.
Your physiotherapist will guide you with an exercise program to reinforce safe movement patterns and postures to get back to and maintain your active lifestyle as quickly as possible. Early and progressive functional strength training allows faster and more complete recovery from injury to ensure you are better prepared to return to your active lifestyle.
Patients with TMJ dysfunction may complain of pain at the joint, which may be felt as rest or on activities like chewing or opening their mouths widely. Pain can refer to their face and down the jaw, even into the neck and shoulders. Other complaints may include headaches; joint noises (clicking, grating or popping); fullness in the ear; reduced rang of movement involving one or both joints; and jaw locking. Additionally, they may notice diurnal variations such as joint stiffness in morning or aching in the night.
The uses of athletic tape revolve around two categories; injury prevention and injury management. Athletic taping is the use of tape to achieve either of these two, or both. Other goals of athletic taping include the following:
- Restricting the motion range of injured joints or stopping motion of these joints altogether
- Reduce swelling by compressing soft tissues
- Support and maintain the anatomical structure involved in or around the injury
- Secure bandages and dressings in place
- Protect injured parts from re-injury during healing
- Secure a splint by serving as a splint
- The role of taping varies from ligament support to enhancing (pro-prioceptive) limb/joint feedback. It is also used for supporting injuries suffered around the muscle tendon units.
The vestibular system includes the parts of the inner ear and brain that process the sensory information involved with controlling balance and eye movements. If disease or injury damages these processing areas, vestibular disorders can result.
Vestibular Rehab Therapy uses specific head, body, and eye exercises designed to retrain the brain to recognize and process signals from the vestibular system and coordinate them with information from vision and proprioception.
Symptoms of vestibular disorders may be related to inner ear/balance disorders. People may often experience problems with vertigo, dizziness, visual disturbances, balance and spatial orientation issues, hearing changes, cognitive and psychological issues such as difficulty with concentration, fatigue, depression, anxiety and panic.
Evidence has shown that vestibular rehabilitation can be effective in improving symptoms related to many vestibular (inner ear/balance) disorders. Vestibular Rehab Therapy uses specific head, body, and eye exercises designed to retrain the brain to recognize and process signals from the vestibular system and coordinate them with information from vision and proprioception.
What is Pelvic Floor Physiotherapy?
Pelvic Floor Physiotherapy is specialized physiotherapy that can aid in Incontinence, Pelvic Pain and Pelvic Floor Dysfunction. Pelvic floor physiotherapists have specialized training in pelvic floor rehabilitation and should be the first line of defense before surgical consultation.
Your Pelvic Floor Physiotherapist will combine education, strengthening and/or relaxation exercises, and 1-on-1 work with you.
Pelvic Floor Dysfunction can be caused by:
- HYPOTONICITY (Weak pelvic floor muscles): contributing to stress incontinence, urge incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse. Incontinence is NOT a normal part of aging
- HYPERTONICITY (Tight pelvic floor muscles): contributing to Urinary and Fecal Urgency, Urge Incontinence, Chronic Pelvic Pain, Dyspareunia, Vaginismus, Vulvodynia, Pudendal Neuralgia, Interstitial Cystitis and Chronic Prostatitis
Uses of Pelvic Floor Physiotherapy include:
- Identify type of pelvic pain and treat accordingly
- Identify, treat and strengthen the pelvic floor muscles
- Identify degree of female organ prolapse and treat or refer on for further medical intervention (as appropriate)
- Bladder retraining (teaching proper habits)
Pelvic Floor Physiotherapy can be extremely effective on:
- Pelvic instability (pregnancy-related or otherwise)
- Chronic pelvic pain
- Coccyx (tailbone) pain
- Vulvar and vaginal pain
- Painful sex
- Complications due to childbirth, pregnancy
- Deconditioning during and after childbearing
Pelvic Floor Physiotherapy for Men
Pelvic Floor Physiotherapy can also help Men, it’s not just a Female issue. Pelvic floor physiotherapy can be extremely helpful to address challenges men may have when their pelvic floors are not working properly including:
- Post-Prostatectomy Incontinence
- Erectile dysfunction
- Pelvic Pain including Chronic Prostatitis, Testicular and Penile pain syndromes
- Nocturia (frequent urination at night)
- Symptoms of retention which can often be associated with Benign Prostate Hyperplasia and/or a tight pelvic floor
- Tight Pelvic Floor
- Chronic Constipation